Benefits of the K-12 curriculum for Filipino students!

Benefits of the K-12 curriculum for Filipino students!

The K-12 curriculum is more than just adding years to your child's schooling. Read this article to know the benefits of a K-12 education in the Philippines.

A recent change in the Philippines’ educational system was implemented starting in 2011. TheK-12 curriculum was signed into law back in 2013, adding three years to the country’s basic education curriculum.

The newK-12 curriculum guide requires all Filipino students to have one year of kindergarten, six years of elementary schooling (grades 1 to 6), four years of junior high school (grades 7 to 10), and two years of senior high school (grades 11 to 12).

The Rationale

K-12 curriculum

The K to 12 curriculum gives students time to master basic academic skills.

Prior to the implementation of theK-12 curriculum guide, the Philippines was one of only three countries in the world and the only one in Asia that still had only 10 years in basic education.

This has always been seen as a disadvantage for our students who are competing in an increasingly global job market. The longer educational cycle of theK-12 curriculum is seen as critical in giving Filipino students a higher quality of education.

Read: 15 brain-boosting food that kids should eat during exam week

The Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization – Innotech (SEAMEO-Innotech) found the previous 10-year educational cycle to be congested, with a 12-year curriculum squished into 10 years.

As a result, Filipino students have trailed behind students around the world in the areas of math, languages, and science. The new curriculum is aimed to fix that.

Go to the next page to know what the K to 12 curriculum means for Filipino students.

K-12 curriculum

The K to 12 curriculum is designed to provide a holistic education for all Filipino students.

The K to 12 curriculum is designed to enable graduates to join the workforce right after high school, and suitably prepare those who want to go on to higher education.

The new curriculum will also support college graduates seeking work abroad. Developed countries, according to the Department of Education’s (DepEd) briefer, “view the 10-year education cycle as insufficient.”

All in all, the enhanced K to 12 curriculum is designed to provide a holistic education for all. Now decongested, it will give students ample time to master basic academic skills as well as to participate in co-curricular and community activities.

What the K-12 curriculum means for students

The transition began in 2011, when the universal kindergarten was introduced. Starting in 2012, schools already implemented the curriculum decongestion mentioned in the DepEd briefer.

Public schools began having half-day classes for grade one students, with the mother tongue as the medium of instruction. Private schools also made adjustments in their own DepEd accredited curricula.

The adaptation of the K to 12 curriculum guide means that students will graduate a bit older compared to those who graduated under the 10-year education cycle.

Far from being disadvantageous, however, DepEd states that young adults graduating at age 18 or so will be more prepared to take on their tertiary education.

Go to the next page to know more about the K to 12 curriculum.

K-12 curriculum

Graduates of the K to 12 curriculum will be equipped to join the workforce right away.

Remedial classes during the first year of college will no longer be needed, as the high school curriculum will already be aligned with the Commission on Higher Education’s (CHED) guidelines.

The government also encourages parents to think of the K to 12 curriculum guide not as having two extra years of high school, but as two years less of higher education.

Areas of specialization

Graduates of the new educational system will already be equipped to join the workforce right away. This is through the help of the electives to be offered during grades 11 to 12.

The electives, or areas of specialization, will include the following:

  • Academics for those who wish to pursue higher studies
  • Technical-vocational for those who want to acquire employable skills after high school
  • Sports and Arts for those who are inclined in the two fields.


Below is an outline of the K to 12 basic curriculum

K-12 curriculum



Change is never easy. Especially when it is a big undertaking such as the implementation of the newK-12 curriculum guide in the Philippines. It is high time, however, that improve the quality of our basic education and our students.



If you have any insights, questions or comments regarding the K to 12 curriculum, please share them in our Comment box below. Like us on Facebook and follow us on Google+ to stay up-to-date on the latest from Philippines!


You can also read: Mga Mahahalagang Kaalaman Tungkol Sa K to 12 Program

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