Did you know that giving your baby water too early on in life can result in a deadly condition known as water intoxication? Read this article now to learn about when the time is right to offer your baby water for the first time.
We all know that water is essential to sustain life. Children and adults can’t live without it; neither can any other living beings. However, when it comes to babies under the age of six months, the rules related to water are different.
In this article, we’ll tell you why water is may be not so good (and unnecessary) for your baby under six months of age and when you can start introducing water, including how much.
Why babies under six months don’t need water
Whether your baby is exclusively breastfed or formula-fed, until he is six months old and ready for solids, he does not need extra water.
Healthline quotes pediatrician Dr. Alan Greene as saying “the amount of water present in breast milk and formula is adequate for a baby’s health, taking into account water lost through urine, stool, and lungs.”
Here’s why giving your infant or newborn water may not be best for his health:
- Water has no calories but fills your baby nevertheless. This will make him less interested in drinking milk. It could also result in weight loss and increased bilirubin levels.
- Your baby could get water intoxication (we discuss this on the second page of this article), which is a potentially serious condition.
- Your baby’s kidneys are still not capable of handling too much fluid and giving your little one water causes their kidneys to flush out electrolytes and sodium, leading to dehydration and an electrolyte imbalance.
Exclusively breastfed babies certainly do not need additional water, especially before they start solids at around six months of age.
Kelly Bonyata (IBCLC) explains that breastmilk is 88% water (especially the “fore milk”) and this gives your baby all the fluids he needs. Other lactation experts from organizations such as the World Health Organisation (WHO) and La Leche League International (LLLI) agree that exclusively breastfed babies do not require additional water.
Even in the first few days of life, a mother’s colostrum gives her baby adequate hydration and no supplementation of other fluids is needed.
“What about ‘sugar water?'”
You might have been advised by older relatives to give your newborn sugar water.
However, this practice is not recommended by professional medical bodies such as the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, which advises: “Supplementation in the first few days interferes with the normal frequency of breastfeedings. If the supplement is water or glucose water, the infant is at increased risk for increased bilirubin, excess weight loss, longer hospital stay, and potential water intoxication.”
In fact, even some medical practitioners routinely give infants very small amounts of sugar water as a method of pain relief when they are subject to short but painful procedures, such as a heel prick or injection.
However, research published in the Lancet advises that sucrose is not an effective pain relief measure.
Formula milk is made up of around 80% water and hydrates your baby just fine, making additional water unnecessary, especially before six months of age.
According to pediatrician Stephen R. Daniels, you should stick to the milk powder-water ratio as instructed on the formula tin/packet, when making it up. Adding too much water to formula not only dilutes the nutrient content, but also places your baby at the risk of water intoxication.
Hot days, babies and water consumption
We live in a hot, steamy part of the world and you may be wondering about whether it’s okay to give your baby under 6 months of age water to drink when you are out and about on a hot day.
The answer is still “no” as pointed out by a body of thorough research (Almroth and Bidinger, 1990; Ashraf et al., 1993; Sachdev et al, 1991).
Even when it is very hot outside, exclusively breastfed babies still do not need additional water. On such days, you’ll notice that little ones tend to nurse more frequently, but for a shorter duration each time. What’s happening here is that they are getting plenty of thirst-quenching foremilk, which keeps them well-hydrated.
This also means that mommy needs to drink plenty of water so she can keep up with her baby’s increased demand for milk on a hot day.
Formula-fed babies too don’t need extra water on hot days; you just need to increase the frequency of feeds and make sure you prepare the formula according to instructions.
In cases when a baby becomes dehydrated or very sick with a tummy bug (that causes excessive loss of bodily fluids), then his doctor may advise that you give the appropriate dosage of an oral rehydration solution (not water).
When exactly can you give baby water, and how much of it can you give? And what is water intoxication? Keep reading on the next page.