If you’re aiming to have a big family, then it would be nice to know about the relation of one’s position in the family and their personality. Here are some interesting things about the middle child.
What can you read in this article?
- What is the middle child syndrome?
- Middle child and depression – are they really more susceptible?
- Middle child traits that are pretty awesome
As parents, we love all our children the same way. But some people believe that their birth order has to do with how we treat our children. For instance, we may put too much pressure on our firstborn, and treat our youngest with so much care. But how about the middle child?
The common stereotype of the middle child is they will always be ignored in favor of the more accomplished firstborn or the cute and needy lastborns. They often get lost in the hustle and bustle of family affairs, developing an inferiority complex that never really goes away.
The middle child syndrome
Alfred Alder, the founder of the school of individual psychology, developed a theory on the importance of birth order on personality development. According to his theory, although children may be born into the same household, their birth order has a big influence on their psychological development.
For instance, the firstborn is more authoritarian and feels all-powerful due to the high expectations often set by the parents. The youngest child is treated like a spoiled baby, which is why he can never rise above the other siblings. And the middle child is described as even-tempered but has trouble fitting in because he is always sandwiched between the younger and older siblings.
So the middle child syndrome refers to the notion that middle children are excluded, ignored, or even outright neglected due to their birth order. And based on this belief, some children may have certain personality and relationship characteristics as a result of being the middle child.
Middle child psychology also dictates that because the firstborns and the youngest kids are always getting most of the attention, the middle child’s personality may be dulled down by their siblings, making them quiet and even-tempered.
It’s a common trope in popular culture, but is it really true? New research suggests that a middle child has some pretty cool advantages. Contrary to popular belief, being the middle child has helped some people to develop strong leadership qualities when they grow up.
Here are 7 reasons why being a middle child is a pretty cool deal.
The middle child gets a good deal, actually
1. They’re skillful negotiators and peacemakers
The middle child will always compete with the other siblings for attention and resources, so finding their own niche and voice in the family becomes a priority for them.
Catherine Salmon, a professor of psychology at the University of Redlands and coauthor of the book The Secret Power of Middle Children says as much. Middle children hone their skills in empathy as a result of their childhood experiences. Seeing things from another person’s perspective helps them become better problem-solvers.
“The negotiator role is one they typically have to take up to get what they need in competition with the needs and desires of favored firsts and pampered lasts,” Salmon said.
Sharper negotiating skills in middle children is a social and professional advantage. This makes them better at making friends and social connections.
A 1976 study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology found that compared to firstborns, children born after them had better social skills and were more popular.
2. They tend to be risk-takers and creative
A survey of 1000 parents and 1000 middle children by TheBabyWebsite.com found that a third of the parents surveyed admitted that their second child often gets left out.
This has the positive effect, however, of taking intense scrutiny off the middle child by, more of than not, helicopter parents. This means middle children are often freer, more creative, and more willing to do new things.
For example, middle children will often get to spend more time alone, forcing them to come up with creative ways to entertain themselves.
3. They are less likely to break under pressure
In 2003, a study found that middle children were more likely to develop depression. However, a follow-up study in 2016 revealed that it’s the oldest children that seem to be more likely to develop mental illnesses such as depression, which makes more sense since the eldest children are more likely to be under more pressure to live up to their parent’s expectations of them.
Middle children don’t often have this problem, since there’s not a lot of pressure pressed upon them. So they’re less likely to be hard on themselves when encountering failure or disappointment during adulthood.
4. Middle children have an entrepreneurial spirit
Alright, alright, the eldest are usually given a lot of credit for being natural leaders. However, middle children tend to learn many qualities that are highly valued leadership qualities. This can be cooperativeness, relationship-building skills, and independence. (Middle child facts: Is it a coincidence that 52% of US Presidents are middle children? You decide.)
Salmon said eldest children are more likely to lead using dominance. But middle children lead through persuasion because they’ve learned negotiating and peacemaking skills early on.
“In addition, middles’ ability to think outside the box, the result of greater openness to experience (which also facilitates exploring different niches in the family), lends itself to entrepreneurial approaches,” she said.
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Welcoming a new sibling: 10 tips on how to ease your firstborn on the arrival of the new baby
5. The middle child is an amazing relationship partner
So, the middle child has good people skills. Good! Because conflict-resolution skills are helpful in the workplace and long-lasting marriage.
On a related note, a study by the University of Washington’s John Gottman found that couples who are able to and are more willing to make compromises are more communicative. They were able to clearly state their positions during arguments had stronger marriages compared to couples who weren’t.
Salmon conducted a survey for her book which revealed that 80% of middle children had never cheated on their significant others. On the other hand, 65% of firstborns and 53% of lastborns had. There’s also a review of birth order literature in 2010 that found that being a middle child had a strong correlation with being faithful in monogamous relationships.
Image from Shutterstock
6. They are flexible
Still not convinced? Well. Numerous studies have pretty much pointed out the social and mental benefits of growing up with siblings.
One study in Ohio State University revealed that a child with siblings had more highly developed social skills in kindergarten than an only child. It can be attributed to them being forced to play well with others at an early age.
Recent research has turned this idea on its head, though. The argument being: an only child has little to no effect on future social development. But, growing up with siblings has been linked to lower rates of divorce and higher rates of altruism.
The middle child gets a pretty good deal. They learn from the wisdom and mistakes of their elders, and they can teach what they learn to siblings younger than them. This makes them flexible. There is no assigned role to the middle child. They can be fluid and assume either role, a student or teacher.
7. Middles are less likely to succumb to helicopter parenting
This century, and, well, the century before this actually, is the age of the helicopter parents. They hover around their kids, make a lot of noise, all fuss and noise without any substance. Problematic. You know the deal.
Children find it difficult to learn to live independently around them. But if you’re a middle child, HA! Being forgotten and ignored suddenly doesn’t seem like such a bad thing.
Other kids suffer from the insufferable effects of overparenting. But middle children? They’re largely left to their own devices. This means more freedom to solve their problems and the chance to forget a path for themselves. All without the unnecessary interventions and machinations of the helicopter parent.
“It seems a bit counterintuitive, but in a post-helicopter age where many college kids and beyond aren’t very good at managing their own time and efforts, perhaps because parents have done too much of this for them, it seems like there might be a real advantage to not be the 24/7 focus for parents,” Salmon said.
Image Source: Fresh off the boat
The path of the middle child
These middle child characteristics are awesome, of course. But as parents, lets put more effort into giving equal quality time and attention to each one of your kids, regardless of birth order.
I have to give it to the middle children: they are some of the most motivated and confident people I know, and they’re also deeply in touch with who they are.
So if you have a friend who’s a middle child or if you have a middle child, go to them when they’re feeling down. Show them this list. They are awesome. The world will break without them. You can’t have a world without a middle, eh?
Are these middle child characteristics true in your family? Let us know in the comments section!
Republished with permission from theAsianParent Singapore